Nigeria is about twice the size of California, roughly ten times the size of Illinois
“The history of Nigeria… is a formidable field of study, both for the diversity of its cultures and ethnic groups…” Blanplain, The Birth of Art in Africa
NOK TERRA COTTA
Nok civilization: 1000 BC – 200 AD
Nok achieved mastery of fire, firing, smelting, and forging.
Details on Nok civilization & culture from The Met. Here
Triangular eyes and perforated pupils, noses, mouths, and ears
Elaborately detailed hairstyles and jewelry
Range of expression
Technique: Built from coils, like pottery
Nok terra cotta sculptures were first discovered by Europeans during tin mining excavations in 1928 (near Jos) & 1943 (near Nok). Also discovered in 1932 (near Sokoto). Indigenous miners were ordered not to destroy or take any Nok items discovered on the site. Ownership?
Peter Breunig, a German archaeologist, is sorting through half a ton of Nok pottery shards, searching for answers to questions about Nok life and society.
Connections between the history of Africa, Nigeria, and extraction of natural resources by European and/or American interests. Today, Nigeria is the 4th largest supplier of oil to the USA.
Info on oil, Nigerian government, and specifically Shell Oil, in the context of the rights of local communities re: natural resources. here
NIGERIAN ARTISTS TODAY
Colonialism, natural resources, African “authenticity” in art
Nneka – musician
Nnenna Okore – recently at Chicago Cultural Center
LESSON PLAN Connections
Ceramics – Coils
Early Elementary – Recognizing shapes in faces, rendering details of hair and accessories in human figures
HS – connections with history of Europe/US draining Nigeria of natural resources, labor. Current excavation of archaeological pieces and taking them overseas for study. Ownership?
CONCLUSION – Nok Terra Cotta
Wanna see a helluva slideshow of Nok terra cotta plus riveting slide transitions and a soundtrack?