Here are the step by step instructions and materials list to complete the ink jet transfer process that I demonstrated in class last week. Have fun!
Ink Jet Transfer Processes
• Transparent Extender Base (with Screen Printing supplies. Do not buy regular Transparent Base, it will not work.)
• Dura-lar Sheet or Yupo Brand Paper (Polypropolene)
• Roller/brayer or Screen and Squeegee
• Barren (or the back of a spoon works fine)
• Newsprint or Brown paper
• Papers or surfaces to print on
• Access to an inkjet printer
1. Using a roller, coat the dura-lar sheet with a thin layer or transparent base. The layer of transparent base should be as even as possible. If there is too much base in certain areas, the dura-lar will take longer to dry. (This can also be done with a screen that does not have a stencil on it, and a squeegee.)
2. Chose a digital image that you would like to print. (If your image involves text be sure to invert the image in Photoshop so that it will read correctly when transferred.)
3. Once the transparent base is dry, the sheet can be run through an inkjet printer. Make sure that the Transparent Base layer is the side that will be printed on.
4. Using the sponge, dampen the paper or surface that you would like to print on. The paper should be evenly damp, making sure that there are no excessive drips or puddles to smear the ink.
5. Place the dura-lar sheet ink-side down onto the area of the paper where you would like the image to transfer. Place a sheet of newsprint or scratch paper on top of the dura-lar sheet as protection, and use a barren or the back of a spoon to burnish over the image.
6. Carefully remove the dura-lar sheet to reveal the transferred image. If there is sufficient ink left on the dura-lar, sometimes a second “ghost image” can be printed on a second sheet of dampened paper.
Once your inkjet image is transferred, there are many ways you can add to work back into the printed image using different materials.
Optional Materials for working back into Transferred Prints:
• Acrylic Coating (Spray)—If you would like to work back into your transferred image with painting materials, you can add a layer of Acrylic Coating to your piece. This comes in a spray can, and adding to the image will seal off the inkjet layer so it will not bleed when you add watercolor, acrylics, gauche, etc.
• Water color paints and Flow Release—When adding water color paints on top of Acrylic Coating, the paint will often bead up and not spread as it usually does on paper. You can add a product like a wetting agent or Flow Release to the paint to give the water colors more body and prevent this from happening.
• Uniball Pens or Steel point pen tips and bottled ink—Inkjet transfers work well when you work back over them with pens, but the material will clog some types of pens. Uniball Pens or Steel point pen tips and bottles of ink work best for this.
• Minwax Polycrylic—This product can be coated over your final image to seal it off. It can be purchased at Home Depot.
• Canvas Boards—The inkjet transfer process works on other materials besides paper, including canvas boards. The texture of the surface will effect how the image comes out.
• Screen Print Varnish— You can use resist processes along with Ink jet transferring to get a different effect. For example, you can use a stencil and screen to print with varnish on a paper first, then print your inkjet transfer image over this. The varnish will act as a resist, and no ink will transfer in those areas.